Badminton Nomenclature / Terms

Alley : Extension of the court by 1 1/2 feet on both sides for doubles play.
Attacking clear : An offensive stroke hit deep into the opponent's court.
Back Alley : Area between the back boundary line and the long service line for doubles.
Backcourt : Back third of the court, in the area of the back boundary lines.
Backhand : The stroke used to return balls hit to the left of a right-handed player and to the right of a left-handed player.
Balk : Any deceptive movement that disconcerts an opponent before or during the serve; also called a "balk".
Base position : The location in the centre of the court to which a singles player tries to return after each shot; alsocalled "centre position".
Baseline : The back boundary line at each end of the court, parallel to the net.
Carry : An illegal stroke, also called a sling or throw, in which the shuttle is not hit, but caught and held on the racquet and then slung during the execution of a stroke.
Center or Base Position :
Location in the center of the court to which a singles player tries to return after each shot.
Centre line : A line perpendicular to the net that separates the left and right service courts.
Clear : A shot hit deep to the opponent’s back boundary Line. The high clear is a defensive shot, while the flatter attacking clear is used offensively.
Court : Area of play, as defined by the outer boundary lines.
Doubles :
A game where a team of two players play against another team of two.
Doubles sideline : The side boundary of a doubles court.
Drive : A fast and low shot that makes a horizontal flight over the net.
Drop :
A shot hit softly and with finesse to fall rapidly and close to the net on the opponent’s side.
Fault : A violation of the playing rules, either in serving, receiving, or during play.
Feint : Any deceptive movement that disconcerts an opponent before or during the service; often called a
Flick : A quick wrist-and-forearm rotation used to surprise an opponent by changing an apparently soft shot into a faster passing shot; used primarily on the serve and
at the net.
Forecourt : The front third of the court, between the net and the short service line.
Forehand : The stroke used to return a ball hit to the right of a right-handed player and to the left of a
left-handed player.
Game : The part of a set completed when one player
or side has scored enough points to win a single contest.
Hairpin net shot : A shot made from below and very close to
the net and causing the shuttle to rise, just clearing the
net, then dropping sharply down the other side so that the
flight of the shuttlecock resembles the shape of a hairpin.
Halfcourt shot : A shot hit low and to midcourt, used
effectively in doubles play against the up-and-back
High clear : A defensive shot hit deep into the
opponent's court.
Kill : Fast, downward shot that cannot be
returned; a "put away."
Let : A minor violation of the rules allowing a
rally to be replayed.
Long Service Line : In singles, the back boundary line.1n
doubles a line 2 l/2 feet inside the back boundary line. The
serve may not go past this line.
Match : A series of games to determine a winner.
Midcourt : The middle third of the court, halfway
between the net and the back boundary line.
Net shot : A shot hit from the forecourt that just
clears the net and drops sharply.
Passing shot : A shot which passes the opposing player or
Push shot : A gentle shot played by pushing the
shuttlecock with a little wrist motion, usually from net or
midcourt to the opponent’s midcourt.
Racquet : Instrument used by player
to hit shuttlecock Weight:About3 ounces. Length: 27 inches.
Made of: Ceramic, graphite, or boron frame; gut string.
Cost: $60-$175 (unstrung).
Rally : The exchange of shots while the shuttle is
in play.
Serve or Service : The stroke used to put the shuttlecock into
play at the start of each rally.
Service court : The area into which a service must be
delivered. Different for singles and doubles.
Set : To choose to extend a game beyond its
normal ending score if the score is tied with one point to
Short service line : The front line of the service courts 1.98
metres from the net which a serve must reach to be legal.
Shuttlecock : Official name for the object that players
hit. Also known as "birdie." Weight: .17-.l9 ounces. Made
of: 16 goose feathers attached to a cork tip covered with
goat skin. Cost: $1.50-$2.00. Usually lasts for no more than
two games. The heavier the shuttlecock, the faster it flies.
Flies faster in higher temperatures and at higher altitudes.
Singles : A game where one player plays against another
Singles sideline : The side boundary of a singles court.
Smash : A hard-hit overhead shot that forces the shuttle
sharply downwards into the opponent's court. Badminton’s primary
attacking stroke.
Wood shot : A legal shot that results when the base of
the shuttle is hit by the frame of the racquet. Once
illegal, this shot was ruled acceptable by the International
Badminton Federation in 1963.

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